When choosing the right location to build a new backyard fish pond the following tips will help you to make the right choice … Save yourself plenty of time, heart ache and money by choosing the right pond location …
- Sketch out a plan on paper of the actual design you want. Keep the the pond design as simple as possible; try to avoid lots of angles and intricate shapes. A simple pond layout with decorative aquatic plants and features will add the necessary form and beauty. Once you have a sketch of the final pond design its time to put the pond design into action. The next step is to map out the shape of the pond in the location where you want the fish pond to be sited. This will help you to see if the location is suitable and fits in with the rest of your backyard.
- Try to locate your garden fish pond in full sun, particularly in the colder northern states of the USA, where there is less sunshine hours.
- Avoid choosing a pond location near to trees and large foliage plants because the leaves, seeds etc., will fall into your garden pond, creating more work for your biological pond filter … see this article on why a biological pond filter is essential to any backyard fish pond …
- Avoid choosing a pond location where there may be excessive exposure to strong winds, as this is likely to blow debris into your pond as well as dislodging aquatic pond plants. Be aware that aquatic lily plants don’t like turbulent water or splashing. Plants are a natural source of oxygen for garden ponds.
- Avoid choosing uneven surfaces and boggy ground as you don’t want your pond to sink or have the pond structure affected by ground movement. You also need to make sure you buy the top quality pond pump in UK for great result.
- You will periodically need to replace pond water due, particularly in hot climates, due to evaporation, but also for periodic water changes, due to excess ammonia levels etc. Try to locate your backyard pond near to a water supply.
What Else Do I Need To Know Before Installing A Backyard Fish Pond
- Ensure that you use waterproof connectors in your fish pond and not insulation tape when connecting pond keeping equipment together.
- Do make access to the filter and UV easy and you will never regret this.
- In the case of pond pipe (poly hose) reduce pipe flow restrictions by using only pond tubing that is 25mm or more wide. Try to use black tubing wherever possible as this will prevent sunlight from entering the tubing, thus helping to prevent algae from forming on the inside of the pipe. Keep the lengths of pipe needed to connect your pond pump, pond filter, UV clarifier etc., as short as possible. Also avoid kinks, bends and T pieces, as they inhibit water flow. Pond flow restrictions will place increased demand on your pond keeping equipment and over a period of time significantly increase your electricity costs.
- Use a qualified electrician to connect electrical pond equipment to an earth leakage system or to install any additional power sockets required for possible later use e.g. if you decide to install pond lighting or landscape lighting etc.
- Keep the level of fish stocked to a minimum, particularly in small backyard garden ponds. Also consider keeping goldfish varieties, instead of Koi carp: Koi eat more than goldfish, are less hardy and also grow more quickly. The last thing you want is to design a pond in which your fish are far too big in no time whatsoever. Koi also produce far more bodily waste than the equivalent sized goldfish, predominantly due to their veracious appetite. This said nothing is more spectacular in a backyard pond than a swimming healthy koi or two.
- Only use high quality Koi and goldfish food as it is much more nutritious than inferior and cheaper pond fish food. It will also result in less waste, reducing the strain on your biological filter … Aim for a minimum of 35% protein with an ash content less than 10%.
Choosing Pond Pumps in UK
When selecting a pond pump, water capacity in gallons should be considered. If a power supply is just not an option, Solar Powered Pumps are an excellent solution.Along with optional battery backup, included fountain heads and other accessories theyprovide a decorative option in places where it wasn’t previously possible. If your filter or UV has a maximum flow that is less than your required flow rate for good circulation of your pond water, then Plumbing Suppliesyou will need to divert some of the water around these devices and back into the pond. Pumps keep the water in your pond healthy by evenly distributing nutrients in the water to fish, plants and other aquatic life. Your pond water should be recirculated by a pump that has a flow rate large enough to recirculate all of the water at least once every two hours.
- AllInOne Pump kits are your complete set & forget option.
- This is accomplished by adding a tee fitting in the pipe coming from the pump and before your filter and/or UV.
- Running water also prevents stagnation, cuts down on algae and mosquitoes, and ensures that oxygen levels are distributed throughout the pond.
- For example, a 300 gallon pond would require a minimum rated pump of 150 gallons per hour.
- The single unit provides thepump, the filter, the fountain head & UV Clarification.
A ball valve is added between the tee and the filter. This guide will show you the differences between different pump types, and how to choose one that’s powerful enough for your water feature. The above guide is only a starting point because aesthetic appeal needs to be considered as well. The perfect option for small to mediumponds, just drop it in the pond and it’s ready to go. Another ball valve is installed on the other leg of the tee.
Choosing the proper pump for your pond or water garden can be a confusing and misleading process. This pump has a unique dual-discharge design so it can be utilised for the operation of two water features at the same time, so, for example, it will pump the water in both the pond and a waterfall saving you money and space. As seen in Versailles, jetting pumps are used to project water from the pond into the air. Add more pipe to this leg of the tee and extend the pipe to the waterfall or to the pond. Many retailers and dealers themselves are often unsure of how to make a proper pump recommendation.
The body is corrosion resistant for those who need a submersible pump. They are equipped with an ejector package primarily composed of two elements: a rod (rigid vertical tube connected to the pump), and a nozzle (shaped like a jet, which subsequently shapes the water). Due to this distinction, these models are un-missable. Choosing the right size of filter and pump for your particular pond is important. This often leads to incorrect information and the possibility of buying a pump not well suited for your unique water feature. Below you will see a step by step guide to help you make sure you get it right and enjoy years of happy pond keeping. Choosing the proper pump does not take much time, and is well worth the energy you put into selecting it. Knowing the volume of your pond is important for everything.
Because all pond pumps are sized in gallons per hour (GPH), knowing the volume of water in your pond is key to ensuring adequate circulation. An all round garden pump designed to operate fountains, waterfalls and even filters simultaneously. Pond pumps are available in both submersible and external (out-of-pond) models. Most ponds need turning over or a full circulation once every two hours. Insufficient circulation can result in stagnant water and an environment unable to sustain fish and plants.
They usually come complete with various fountain jets and most now have a foamless prefilter for reduced maintenance. For the smaller pond (up to 1000 gallons of water), a submersible pump is the more economical and practical option. In this case we divide our volume (5544 litres) by 2 = 2772 litres. As a general rule, pond water should be circulated about once every hour. This pump is perfect for most small to medium sized garden ponds.
Submersible pond pumps can be placed directly in the pond and require relatively little installation. So we need a pond pump that will turn over 2772 litres per hour, thereby turning over our full volume every 2 hours. Consequently, a pond containing 500 gallons requires a pump rated at a minimum of 500 GPH. These pumps are ideal to be used for fountains because the prefilter protects the small holes in the fountain head from constantly blocking. However, this is not the case nowadays, because newer pumps are magnetic-driven, and no longer require coolant. “Mag-driven” pumps are slightly more expensive, but they have the added advantage of consuming less electricity, operating more quietly, and being more reliable over long-term use than direct-drive pond pumps.
Always choose the next size up closest to your requirements. However the pre filter is still quite fine and does not allow larger solids to pass through to the filter, which is beneficial with koi or in larger ponds. In this case 3000 LPH -litres per hour is ideal. It’s common for first time pond builders to underestimate just how much water they want flowing over their waterfall. There are many factors to consider when selecting pump size, including pond size, number and type of water features, head height, chosen filtration system, distance of filtration system from the pond and intended fish and plant stock. Measure the horizontal distance in feet between your waterfall and where your pump will be installed. If you have a pond, no matter what type, a pond pump will be an invaluable asset to your water feature. For example, 1,000 GPH (gallons per hour) sounds like a lot, but if you break it down, that’s only about a quarter gallon per second.
To work out an appropriate pump capacity you should follow these steps. Keep in mind that this shouldn’t include any changes in elevation, so don’t angle the measuring tape between the top of the waterfall and the pump location.3Measure the height of your waterfall in feet, taking the measurement as the distance from the top of the waterfall to the surface of your pond. The reason is the fact that without a pump, there will be no water movement. Then if you take that quarter gallon and spread it over a 2 foot wide waterfall, you’re probably going to be disappointed with the trickle you end up with. For uneven shaped ponds it is best to take your measurements from the widest points and deepest area.
If your waterfall contains several tiers, take a vertical measurement from the top tier to the pond surface. What that means is that it will be extremely easy for mosquitoes and other pests to infest it and start breeding in it. Also, the sound of a waterfall usually becomes one of a pond owners favorite parts of their water garden. Having a pump or filter slightly larger than your requirements is preferable to undersizing.